IEEFA Puerto Rico: PREPA bond deal is not a solution
Creditors, politicians and their enablers pursue a shaky path
By Tom Sanzillo (firstname.lastname@example.org), the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis’ (IEEFA) director of finance.
A business as usual bond deal is about to be foisted upon Puerto Rico’s ratepayers and fledgling economy. It will result in a $400 million annual cash draw for at least the next twenty years. Think about wasting money on overpriced oil, political appointees and useless consultants over the last twenty years and then paying for it over the next twenty years and beyond, with interest. This is not affordable.
Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority’s (PREPA’s) most recent unaudited monthly report shows fiscal year-to-date net revenues of $513 million through January 2019, $190 million ahead of budget. Reason for optimism? No, the accounts payable reflect a $444 million outstanding balance to oil companies that accrued since June 2018. The report identifies other costs that send PREPA into deep red. In addition, PREPA’s budgets are not reflecting pension payments that need to be made.
PREPA is $190 million ahead of budget and still in the red.
Where will the $400 million come from?
Will it come from the savings initiatives promised by PREPA in its budget plans? PREPA has submitted some of its required quarterly budget reports for FY 2018 through first and second quarter of FY 2019 but they are not public information. Maybe its FY 2019 budget will have the answer? Due April 5th the Commonwealth requested and received an extension.
The authority’s FY 2017 and 2018 audits are also late. If creditors read the FY 2016 audit, posted over two years late, they would see over $2 billion in restated costs including a $900 million cash write off to the Commonwealth. So long as PREPA is a cash cow for the Commonwealth, promises of past debt repayment are dubious.
Will the money for legacy debt come from the new energy investments contained in PREPA’s fiscal plan? The New Fortress Energy contract, the first initiative under the Rossello administration is fraught. The developer filed an IPO stating it would save PREPA $285 million annually. Recently, PREPA has stated to Congress that the deal will save $100 million annually. These savings numbers are not quantified, required or verifiable. The payment structure repeats the worst accounting practices that got PREPA into trouble in the first place.
The $400 million is going to come from the ratepayers, which is to say, from the economy of Puerto Rico. The proposed agreement adds 2.6 cents per kwh to electricity bills, rising to 4.3 cents per kwh over the next twenty years. The most recent Commonwealth fiscal plan shows weak economic growth and continued population decline through 2024. The fiscal plan estimates reforms at PREPA will contribute to economic growth. This will not happen when rates are driven up by paying off dead assets.
The new debt deal is being christened with late budgets, no fiscal discipline, missing audits, significant accounting irregularities, cash siphoning by the Commonwealth, uncorrected contract scandals, phony savings projections and an economy and population profile economically incapable of carrying this debt burden.
If the bond market enablers know anything it is that a nice fat bond deal during the Governor’s election year is great market timing and ensures a payday for them. They all are unabashed in their pursuit of this deal. Business as usual.