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More deaths, fewer births reduces P.R. population by 10%

By on December 21, 2017

The Puerto Rico Statistics Institute (IEPR by its Spanish initials) today released the most recent annual estimates on the island’s population, according to information compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau (USCB), which refers to the period between the date of the last census and the first in July 2017.

The data was presented by the IEPR, which is the USCB’s leading entity for the State Data Center (SDC) and includes components on annual population change since July 1, 2010, and supports the findings of the new annual population estimates for 2017.

According to the unveiled report, as of July 1 of this year, Puerto Rico’s population was estimated to include 3,337,177 people. This contrasts with numbers released in the 2010 Census, when the island’s official population count was 3,725,007 people.

The recent estimate points to a cumulative population decrease in the current decade of 10% until 2017 or an average annual decline rate of -1.5%.

As for the resident population age 18 years or more, the was estimate was 2,680,381, comprising 80% of Puerto Rico’s resident population.

The components of population change considered for the estimates presume that between July 1, 2016 and July 1, 2017, there were 28,000 births and 29,000 deaths in Puerto Rico.

As indicated, for the first time, the annual estimates of the population reflected a natural population growth, which results in more deaths than births.

As for migration, the net balance was nearly -68,000 people during the same period.

The IEPR explained that after conducting a decennial census, such as the 2010 Census, the USCB prepares the annual population estimates before the next Census. These estimates are prepared through analysis of birth, death and migration data. As a result, with each new publication of estimates, adjustments are made to the previously estimated years.

The data is available to the public through the IEPR website www.estadisticas.pr.

The Statistics Institute inventory, accessible via www.estadisticas.pr, includes about 300 statistical products. In addition, it is the custodian of and provides access to more than 100 data sets or data sets through www.data.pr.gov and over 40 tables and more than 6,000 indicators through www.indicadores.pr.

In addition, as the leading SDC entity on Puerto Rico, the IEPR manages the SDC portal, which contains the main statistical reports and USCB publications on Puerto Rico, specifically those that are most requested, such as annual population estimates; the Puerto Rico Community Survey, official statistics on the decennial population and housing census data.

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