Statistics Institute Reveals Study of Puerto Rico’s Creative Industries
SAN JUAN – During 2014 creative industries in Puerto Rico represented around 5,267 establishments that created 69,457 jobs with annual sales of $10 billion, which represent 5.7% of total sales in the island’s companies.
This study was published Sunday by the Puerto Rico Statistics Institute (SI), Puerto Rico Creative Industries 2014, revealed this week, whose purpose is to support this industry’s development in accordance with Act 173 approved on Oct. 13, 2014, also known as the Puerto Rico Creative Industries Promotion Act.
However, there currently isn’t a consensus about the type of industries that should be classified as “creative.” Regardless, Art. 3 of the Act No. 173-2014 includes graphic, fashion, and interior design; manufacture; musical, plastic, visual, and scenic arts; as well as video games, online and traditional media, digital content, architecture services, creative education, and creative industries.
The compendium published by SI presents all of the industry’s available statistics, but it also presents statistics about various additional industries that have been classified as “creative” in previous studies by the United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization (Unesco), including cinematography, jewelry, sewing, radio, television, books, publicity, drawing, museums and historical sites, among others.
Among the most significant findings, small businesses –which have 10 employees or less-, dominate 87% of these creative industries. Likewise, in 2001 Puerto Rico had 638 establishments in creative industries that paid Unemployment Insurance to its employees.
In 2014 742 establishments were registered. Some 2.1 creative establishments for every 10,000 residents, which additionally represent 1.6% total of private establishments. When applying the more broad definition of creative industries, these figures ascend to 2,244 establishments for 2001, and 2,281 for 2014. In 2014 there were 6.4 creative establishments for every 10,000 residents, representing the 4.9% total of private establishments.
In addition, among these industries, between 2001 and 2014, the area that represented the largest growth in establishments was informatics system design. Between 2010 and 2014, 59 municipalities presented an increase in their per capita sales from the number of creative industry establishments.
Another finding revealed that males comprise 63% of employees in creative industries. The sound industry had the highest percentage of male employees, 88%, while women in the industry of edition and dissemination of content via internet and services rounded 62%. The highest average annual salary of all creative occupations corresponded to software developers.
The SI is an autonomous public entity tasked with coordinating the government’s statistics production service to assure the data and statistics compilation system, on which public policies are based, are complete, trustworthy, and with quick and universal access. The Institute has its own inventory, accessible via www.estadisticas.pr, over 300 statistical products. It also provides access to more than 100 data sets through www.data.pr.gov, and more than 40 tables and over 6,000 indicators via www.indicadores.pr.